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Das Anch (☥, ägyptisch ˁnḫ), auch Anch-. Translations in context of "Symbol NIL" in German-English from Reverso Context: Konventionsgemäß steht das terminale Symbol NIL für "kein terminales. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Symbol NIL für“ in Deutsch-Englisch von Reverso Context: Konventionsgemäß steht das terminale Symbol NIL für "kein terminales. Kaufe "ANKH, KEY, Egypt, Egyptian, Symbol of life, Key of the Nile, White on Black" von TOM HILLDesigner auf folgenden Produkten: T-Shirt, Classic T-Shirt,. Kaufe "ANKH, KEY, Egypt, Egyptian, Symbol of life, Key of the Nile, White on Black" von TOM HILLDesigner auf folgenden Produkten: A-Linien Kleid, Acrylblock.
The ankh symbol, also known as breath of life, symbol of life, the key of the Nile or crux ansata was the ancient Egyptian art character that read life, This wood. Der Sakrabäus, das Auge des Horus oder das Lebenskreuz sind die ägyptischen Symbole der neuen, mystischen Nile Treasure Linie von THOMAS SABO! Das Anch (☥, ägyptisch ˁnḫ), auch Anch-. From Wikipedia, Kika Spiele Online Kostenlos free encyclopedia. Retrieved 25 December More than half of the Nile's water is lost in this swamp to evaporation and transpiration. These basins were not interconnected until their subsidence ceased, and the rate of sediment deposition was enough to fill and connect them. The evil Set is the hot desert wind that consumes the waters. The Sudd swamps which form the central part of the basin may still be subsiding. The growth of the current Sahara began about 6, years ago. People and things in the Quran. The river in Uganda. Loch Ness Water Gardens. Ancient Absahnen portal. Symbols and objects. Lieferung in Werktagen. Indigene Völker wanderten in den Nil für einen Neuanfang. NIL terminal symbol stands for "no terminal symbol". NIL Nile Nil river. In the past, beautiful girls were sacrificed and thrown into the river in hope of a good harvest. Bitte beachten Sie, dass einige Funktionen wie z. Best Casino Online With $100 Free Chip Merkliste hinzufügen. Add to cart options In den Warenkorb. Zum Inhalt springen. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Notwendig immer aktiv. Genau: 2. Cookie Hinweis. Diese Beispiele können umgangssprachliche Wörter, die auf Dating Seiten Im Test Grundlage Ihrer Suchergebnis enthalten. Treasure Nile is a five-reel slot Www.Lotos Wetten.De. EUR 49, Exact: 2. NIL terminal symbol stands for "no terminal symbol". Today, the location of Maadi on the Nile plays a decisive role for the drinking water supply for the almost two million inhabitants. Spielregeln Kartenspiele Schutzsymbol repräsentiert königliche Macht und Gesundheit bis ins hohe Alter.
He also was usually given blue  or green skin, representing water. Other attributes varied, depending upon the region of Egypt in which the depictions exist.
In Lower Egypt, he was adorned with papyrus plants and attended by frogs , present in the region, and symbols of it.
Whereas in Upper Egypt, it was the lotus and crocodiles which were more present in the Nile, thus these were the symbols of the region, and those associated with Hapi there.
Hapi often was pictured carrying offerings of food or pouring water from an amphora , but also, very rarely, was depicted as a hippopotamus.
During the Nineteenth Dynasty Hapi is often depicted as a pair of figures, each holding and tying together the long stem of two plants representing Upper and Lower Egypt, symbolically binding the two halves of the country around a hieroglyph meaning "union".
Upper part of a statue of the Nile God Hapi. From Faiyum, Egypt, 12th Dynasty, c. Neues Museum, Berlin. Limestone slab showing the Nile God Hapi.
Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London. Hapi, shown as an iconographic pair of genii symbolically tying together upper and lower Egypt.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ancient Egyptian god of the annual flooding of the Nile. This article is about the Egyptian Nile god.
For Hapi-ankh, bull deity of Memphis, see Apis deity. Funerals Offering formula Temples Pyramids.
Deities list. Symbols and objects. Related religions. Ancient Egyptian religion. Dedi Djadjaemankh Rededjet Ubaoner. When the Nile floods it leaves a rich silty deposit which fertilizes the soil.
The Nile no longer floods in Egypt since the completion of the Aswan Dam in More than half of the Nile's water is lost in this swamp to evaporation and transpiration.
From here it soon meets with the Sobat River at Malakal. On an annual basis, the White Nile upstream of Malakal contributes about fifteen percent of the total outflow of the Nile.
The course of the Nile in Sudan is distinctive. It flows over six groups of cataracts , from the sixth at Sabaloka just north of Khartoum northward to Abu Hamed.
North of Cairo , the Nile splits into two branches or distributaries that feed the Mediterranean: the Rosetta Branch to the west and the Damietta to the east, forming the Nile Delta.
The annual sediment transport by the Nile in Egypt has been quantified. The Atbara flows only while there is rain in Ethiopia and dries very rapidly.
During the dry period of January to June, it typically dries up north of Khartoum. In harsh and arid seasons and droughts the Blue Nile dries out completely.
The flow of the Blue Nile varies considerably over its yearly cycle and is the main contribution to the large natural variation of the Nile flow.
Before the placement of dams on the river the yearly discharge varied by a factor of 15 at Aswan. The Bahr al Ghazal and the Sobat River are the two most important tributaries of the White Nile in terms of discharge.
The wadi passes through Gharb Darfur near the northern border with Chad and meets up with the Nile near the southern point of the Great Bend. The Nile iteru in Ancient Egyptian has been the lifeline of civilization in Egypt since the Stone Age , with most of the population and all of the cities of Egypt resting along those parts of the Nile valley lying north of Aswan.
The present Nile is at least the fifth river that has flowed north from the Ethiopian Highlands. Satellite imagery was used to identify dry watercourses in the desert to the west of the Nile.
A canyon, now filled by surface drift, represents an ancestral Nile called the Eonile that flowed during the later Miocene 23—5.
The Eonile transported clastic sediments to the Mediterranean; several natural gas fields have been discovered within these sediments. Lake Tanganyika drained northwards into the Nile until the Virunga Volcanoes blocked its course in Rwanda.
The Nile was much longer at that time, with its furthest headwaters in northern Zambia. There are two theories about the age of the integrated Nile.
One is that the integrated drainage of the Nile is of young age and that the Nile basin was formerly broken into series of separate basins, only the most northerly of which fed a river following the present course of the Nile in Egypt and Sudan.
Rushdi Said postulated that Egypt itself supplied most of the waters of the Nile during the early part of its history.
The other theory is that the drainage from Ethiopia via rivers equivalent to the Blue Nile, the Atbara and the Takazze flowed to the Mediterranean via the Egyptian Nile since well back into Tertiary times.
This rift is possibly still active, with reported tectonic activity in its northern and southern boundaries.
The Sudd swamps which form the central part of the basin may still be subsiding. Geophysical exploration of the Blue Nile Rift System estimated the depth of the sediments to be 5—9 kilometers 3.
These basins were not interconnected until their subsidence ceased, and the rate of sediment deposition was enough to fill and connect them. The Egyptian Nile connected to the Sudanese Nile, which captures the Ethiopian and Equatorial headwaters during the current stages of tectonic activity in the Eastern, Central and Sudanese Rift Systems.
The River Atbara overflowed its closed basin during the wet periods that occurred about , to , years ago. The Blue Nile connected to the main Nile during the 70,—80, years B.
The Greek historian Herodotus wrote that "Egypt was the gift of the Nile". An unending source of sustenance, it played a crucial role in the development of Egyptian civilization.
Because the river overflowed its banks annually and deposited new layers of silt, the surrounding land was very fertile. The Ancient Egyptians cultivated and traded wheat , flax , papyrus and other crops around the Nile.
Wheat was a crucial crop in the famine-plagued Middle East. This trading system secured Egypt's diplomatic relationships with other countries, and contributed to economic stability.
Far-reaching trade has been carried on along the Nile since ancient times. A tune, Hymn to the Nile , was created and sung by the ancient Egyptian peoples about the flooding of the Nile River and all of the miracles it brought to Ancient Egyptian civilization.
Water buffalo were introduced from Asia and the Assyrians introduced camels in the 7th century BC. These animals were killed for meat, and were domesticated and used for ploughing—or in the camels' case, carriage.
Water was vital to both people and livestock. The Nile was also a convenient and efficient means of transportation for people and goods.
The Nile was also an important part of ancient Egyptian spiritual life. Hapi was the god of the annual floods, and both he and the pharaoh were thought to control the flooding.
The Nile was considered to be a causeway from life to death and the afterlife. The east was thought of as a place of birth and growth, and the west was considered the place of death, as the god Ra , the Sun, underwent birth, death, and resurrection each day as he crossed the sky.
Thus, all tombs were west of the Nile, because the Egyptians believed that in order to enter the afterlife, they had to be buried on the side that symbolized death.
As the Nile was such an important factor in Egyptian life, the ancient calendar was even based on the three cycles of the Nile.
These seasons, each consisting of four months of thirty days each, were called Akhet , Peret , and Shemu. Akhet, which means inundation, was the time of the year when the Nile flooded, leaving several layers of fertile soil behind, aiding in agricultural growth.
Owing to their failure to penetrate the sudd wetlands of South Sudan , the upper reaches of the White Nile remained largely unknown to the ancient Greeks and Romans.
Various expeditions failed to determine the river's source. Agatharcides records that in the time of Ptolemy II Philadelphus , a military expedition had penetrated far enough along the course of the Blue Nile to determine that the summer floods were caused by heavy seasonal rainstorms in the Ethiopian Highlands , but no European of antiquity is known to have reached Lake Tana.
The Tabula Rogeriana depicted the source as three lakes in Europeans began to learn about the origins of the Nile in the fourteenth century when the Pope sent monks as emissaries to Mongolia who passed India, the Middle East and Africa, and described being told of the source of the Nile in Abyssinia Ethiopia   Later in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, travelers to Ethiopia visited Lake Tana and the source of the Blue Nile in the mountains south of the lake.
Europeans had been resident in Ethiopia since the late fifteenth century, and one of them may have visited the headwaters even earlier without leaving a written trace.
Telles also used his account. The White Nile was even less understood. The ancients mistakenly believed that the Niger River represented the upper reaches of the White Nile.
For example, Pliny the Elder wrote that the Nile had its origins "in a mountain of lower Mauretania ", flowed above ground for "many days" distance, then went underground, reappeared as a large lake in the territories of the Masaesyli , then sank again below the desert to flow underground "for a distance of 20 days' journey till it reaches the nearest Ethiopians.
As a result of this, the Blue Nile was known as far as its exit from the Ethiopian foothills and the White Nile as far as the mouth of the Sobat River.
Three expeditions under a Turkish officer, Selim Bimbashi, were made between and , and two got to the point about 20 miles 32 km beyond the present port of Juba , where the country rises and rapids make navigation very difficult.
Lake Victoria was first sighted by Europeans in when British explorer John Hanning Speke reached its southern shore while traveling with Richard Francis Burton to explore central Africa and locate the great lakes.
Believing he had found the source of the Nile on seeing this "vast expanse of open water" for the first time, Speke named the lake after the then Queen of the United Kingdom.
Burton, recovering from illness and resting further south on the shores of Lake Tanganyika , was outraged that Speke claimed to have proved his discovery to be the true source of the Nile when Burton regarded this as still unsettled.
A very public quarrel ensued, which sparked a great deal of intense debate within the scientific community and interest by other explorers keen to either confirm or refute Speke's discovery.
British explorer and missionary David Livingstone pushed too far west and entered the Congo River system instead. It was ultimately Welsh-American explorer Henry Morton Stanley who confirmed Speke's discovery, circumnavigating Lake Victoria and reporting the great outflow at Ripon Falls on the lake's northern shore.
European involvement in Egypt goes back to the time of Napoleon. Laird Shipyard of Liverpool sent an iron steamer to the Nile in the s.
With the completion of the Suez Canal and the British takeover of Egypt in the , more British river steamers followed.
The Nile is the area's natural navigation channel, giving access to Khartoum and Sudan by steamer. The Siege of Khartoum was broken with purpose-built sternwheelers shipped from England and steamed up the river to retake the city.
After this came regular steam navigation of the river. With British Forces in Egypt in the First World War and the inter-war years, river steamers provided both security and sightseeing to the Pyramids and Thebes.
Steam navigation remained integral to the two countries as late as Sudan steamer traffic was a lifeline as few railways or roads were built in that country.
Most paddle steamers have been retired to shorefront service, but modern diesel tourist boats remain on the river.
The Nile has long been used to transport goods along its length. Winter winds blow south, up river, so ships could sail up river, and down river using the flow of the river.
While most Egyptians still live in the Nile valley, the completion of the Aswan High Dam ended the summer floods and their renewal of the fertile soil, fundamentally changing farming practices.
The Nile supports much of the population living along its banks, enabling Egyptians to live in otherwise inhospitable regions of the Sahara.
The river's flow is disturbed at several points by the Cataracts of the Nile , which are sections of faster-flowing water with many small islands, shallow water, and rocks, which form an obstacle to navigation by boats.
The Sudd wetlands in Sudan also forms a formidable navigation obstacle and impede water flow, to the extent that Sudan had once attempted to canalize the Jonglei Canal to bypass the swamps.
The first cataract, the closest to the mouth of the river, is at Aswan, north of the Aswan Dam. This part of the river is a regular tourist route, with cruise ships and traditional wooden sailing boats known as feluccas.
Many cruise ships ply the route between Luxor and Aswan, stopping at Edfu and Kom Ombo along the way. Security concerns have limited cruising on the northernmost portion for many years.
A computer simulation study to plan the economic development of the Nile was directed by H. Morrice and W. Allan, for the Ministry of Hydro-power of the Republic of the Sudan, during —    Morrice was their Hydrological Adviser, and Allan his predecessor.
Barnett directed the software development and computer operations. The calculations were enabled by accurate monthly inflow data collected for 50 years.
The underlying principle was the use of over-year storage, to conserve water from rainy years for use in dry years. Irrigation, navigation and other needs were considered.
Each computer run postulated a set of reservoirs and operating equations for the release of water as a function of the month and the levels upstream.
The behavior that would have resulted given the inflow data was modeled. Over models were run.
Recommendations were made to the Sudanese authorities. The calculations were run on an IBM computer.
Simulation studies to design water resources are discussed further in the article on hydrology transport models , that have been used since the s to analyze water quality.
Despite the development of many reservoirs, drought during the s led to widespread starvation in Ethiopia and Sudan, but Egypt was nourished by water impounded in Lake Nasser.
Drought has proven to be a major cause of fatality in the Nile river basin. According to a report by the Strategic Foresight Group around million people have been affected by droughts in the last century with half a million lives lost.
The Nile Basin Initiative promotes a peaceful cooperation among those states. Several attempts have been made to establish agreements between the countries sharing the Nile waters.
On 14 May at Entebbe , Ethiopia , Rwanda , Tanzania and Uganda signed a new agreement on sharing the Nile water even though this agreement raised strong opposition from Egypt and Sudan.
Ideally, such international agreements should promote equitable and efficient usage of the Nile basin's water resources. Without a better understanding about the availability of the future water resources of the Nile, it is possible that conflicts could arise between these countries relying on the Nile for their water supply, economic and social developments.
Their 9-month journey is described in the book Kayaks down the Nile. The expedition began at the White Nile's beginning at Lake Victoria in Uganda , on 17 January and arrived safely at the Mediterranean in Rosetta , four and a half months later.
The Blue Nile Expedition, led by geologist Pasquale Scaturro and his partner, kayaker and documentary filmmaker Gordon Brown became the first known people to descend the entire Blue Nile, from Lake Tana in Ethiopia to the beaches of Alexandria on the Mediterranean.
Though their expedition included others, Brown and Scaturro were the only ones to complete the entire journey. They recount that they paddled through two war zones, regions notorious for bandits, and were arrested at gunpoint.
The Nile flows through Cairo, here contrasting ancient customs of daily life with the modern city of today. The following is an annotated bibliography of key written documents for the Western exploration of the Nile.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Major river in Africa and the longest river in the world. For other uses, see Nile disambiguation. See also: White Nile.
Main article: Blue Nile. See also: Ancient Egyptian agriculture. This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it.
Africa portal Geography portal. Journal of Climate. Bibcode : JCli Retrieved 13 June Die Nuba-Sprache.
Grammatik und Texte. Zweiter Theil. Archived from the original on 29 April Digital Earth.
The Ancient Egyptian calendar was divided into three seasons based on the flooding of the Nile — inundation season, growing season, and drought or harvest season.
With most Egyptians working as farmers, the Nile played a key role in their lives. During inundation season, the Nile's floods deposited valuable minerals that nourished crops during growing season and brought prosperity during the harvest season.
As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Looking for Something Specific? Bibcode : IJDE Encyclopedia Britannica.
Archived from the original on 24 December Retrieved 24 December National Geographic News. Archived from the original on 27 March Retrieved 25 December African Sociological Review.
Archived PDF from the original on 27 September Retrieved 25 July Canada : University of Alberta. The Times of India. Archived from the original on 8 March Retrieved 31 July Cambridge University Press.
Columbia University Press. Oxford English Dictionary 3 ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Archived PDF from the original on 25 July Loch Ness Water Gardens.
Archived from the original on 25 July Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 20 January Nile Basin Initiative. Archived from the original on 2 September Retrieved 1 February Crisis Group.
Archived from the original on 18 April Retrieved 6 April New Vision. Archived from the original on 9 April Retrieved 31 August Archived from the original on 10 January Retrieved 5 February BBC News.
Archived from the original on 1 June Retrieved 4 April Archived from the original on 3 May Retrieved 6 September Cairo: Government Printing office.
Archived PDF from the original on 26 July Parks The Hydrology of the Nile. Archived from the original PDF on 24 November In: Science, New Series, Vol.
Journal of Hydrology. Hosted at the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency , Accessed 28 February Archived from the original on 1 August Archived from the original PDF on 28 September Retrieved 30 September Archived from the original on 15 April Hydrology and Water Resources of Africa.
Archived from the original on 5 September Retrieved 21 January Studies in African Archaeology. The growth of the current Sahara began about 6, years ago.
Schuster, Mathieu; et al. Evaporites: Sediments, Resources and Hydrocarbons. Berlin: Springer. Arabian Journal of Geosciences.
Landscapes and Landforms of Egypt. World Geomorphological Landscapes. The geological evolution of the River Nile. Springer Verlag. Evolution of Nile Basin.
Williams and H. Faure eds. The Sahara and the Nile. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. Journal of African Earth Sciences. Rift Basins of Sudan. African Basins, Sedimentary Basins of the World.
Edited by R. Selley Series Editor K. Hsu pp. ElSevier, Amsterdam. Archived from the original on 23 November Retrieved 20 November Art and Culture of Ancient Egypt.
The Rosen Publishing Group. II — London: Hakluyt Society. Archived from the original on 22 January Retrieved 18 December Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Archived from the original on 18 December Whiteway, editor and translator, The Portuguese Expedition to Abyssinia in — , Nendeln, Liechtenstein: Kraus Reprint, , p.
October Between these two arms stretches the Nile Delta, 14, square miles of farmland created by rich alluvial deposits. To the Egyptians, the Nile was, and still is, the hub of their lives.
It made the crops grow, it provided fish and the valuable papyrus- reed, and could be used as a river highway.
The Egyptians also seem to have thought of all rivers in terms of the Nile. For example, an inscription on a royal stele of the late sixteenth century B.
In other words, any river that flowed in the opposite direction to the Nile was going the wrong way. This gift of the river came about from African rains and the thawing of snow on the Ethiopian highlands which brought tremendous torrents of water north into Egypt: the river drowned the adjacent fields and left them, as the waters drained away, coated with rich and fertile topsoil.
It was this fertility that nourished the ancient Egyptian civilization. The plains vanish, the valleys are hidden. Only the towns stick out like islands.
In the days of the pharaohs, the Nile supported the lives of millions of people in its passage through the country. There were, of course, bad years, when the inundations failed, as they did during the Seven Lean Years, which traditionally occurred in the reign of Djoser, a king of the Third Dynasty twenty-eighth century B.
Its meadows are verdant with grass; its banks bear dates. Its granaries are so full of barley and emmer that they come near to the sky. Onion and leeks are for food, and lettuce of the garden, pomegranates, apples, and olives, figs of the orchard, sweet wine of Ka-of-Egypt, surpassing honey Translation by John A.
Ka-of-Egypt, a well known vineyard of the Delta, and the abundance of vegetables and fruit alluded to here would not have existed but for the Nile.
Agriculture in the region has progressed since that time: seed is no longer trampled into the ground by rams, or, as Herodotus observed in the fifth century B.
Some of the old implements are still in daily use, for example the shaduf, introduced in the New Kingdom c. This simple mechanism enabled a bucket to be dipped into the water and then raised by means of a counterweight.The ankh symbol, also known as breath of life, symbol of life, the key of the Nile or crux ansata was the ancient Egyptian art character that read life, This wood. Der Sakrabäus, das Auge des Horus oder das Lebenskreuz sind die ägyptischen Symbole der neuen, mystischen Nile Treasure Linie von THOMAS SABO! Online Casino Free Money Online Spiele Gratis Ohne Anmeldung Ohne Download Merkur Casino Online Lightning Spielen Geld Mit Dem Smartphone. - The world's longest river, located in Egypt, the Nile flows miles Nile - Ancient History Encyclopedia Ägyptische Symbole, Ägyptische Kunst. Exact: 2. Jetzt zum Newsletter anmelden! Ein Beispiel vorschlagen. Informationen wie wir Kaboo Casino einsetzen und welche Tracking Mechanismen wir verwenden sowie Informationen und Tools, wie Sie diese deaktivieren Spiele Kostenlos Online Ohne Anmeldung Bert verwalten können finden Sie in unseren Datenschutzbestimmungen. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish.